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Elections and Parliament

 

 


UJRC is the Regional Electoral Resource Center for the MENA

In July 2007, UJRC signed a cooperation agreement with the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), based in Stockholm, Sweden, whereby the UJRC acts as the ACE Regional Electoral Resource Center for the Middle East. The ACE Electoral Knowledge Network is an online repository of electoral knowledge and the first ever global knowledge network established in the field of elections.  ACE is a joint endeavor of eight international partner organizations working on elections. 

This partnership agreement is the first of its kind to be signed with a research institution in the Middle East, reflecting the international recognition of the UJRC’s proven record of competence and experience in the field of elections in the Arab world over the past 17 years.

Being a Regional Electoral Resource Center, the UJRC will act as a knowledge hub and a focal point for electoral information at the regional level. UJRC will monitor all elections-related developments in the region on a daily basis, and accordingly update country-level electoral information on the ACE website.

 

Contents:





The Electoral and Parliamentary Studies program (EPS) examines parliamentary elections in Jordan and other Arab and International countries as means of comparison. EPS Program aims at studying the different aspects of the electoral process and its results, such as campaigning, voting and polling. It also aims to develop techniques and methods to analyze and monitor elections. EPS Program devotes special attention to the impact of electoral laws on democracy and political multiplicity and works towards the involvement of Municipal Elections in its activities. One of the major focuses for the EPS Program is Jordan's Parliamentary Life; especially on analyzing the parliamentary structure, its commissions, and its relationship with the government, in addition to identifying parliamentarians’ professional and political backgrounds. In addition, EPS works for the appraisal of the Parliamentary Performance, in particular on the practicing of democracy and studying of the action techniques of the parliament and civil society.
EPS Program implements its activities through organizing conferences, seminars, workshops, roundtables, discussion sessions, trainings, conducting researches and studies, preparing of databases, and through issuing specialized books and reports.

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The Jordanian Civil Alliance for Democratic Elections (JOCADE)

Upon initiative by Al Urdun Al Jadid Research Center, several Jordanian NGO’s summoned in mid April 2007 to discuss the responsibilities of the Jordanian civil society towards the upcoming municipal and parliamentary elections. These organizations agreed on creating an alliance entitled “The Jordanian Civil Alliance for Democratic Elections” (JOCADE). Attendees discussed and approved the objectives of JOCADE. Consequently, these organizations conveyed this initiative and product to a wider audience of organizations, which showed their enthusiasm to being among the founding members of this unprecedented initiative.

Jordan Election Observer is a regular report released by UJRC, published on the 2007 parliamentary elections: 0 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 .

EPS Activities are divided into four major streams, as follows:

  • EPS Conferences, Seminars and Workshops:
    Thirteen events ranging between Conferences, Workshops, and Seminars were organized within this program, and as follows:

    • During the year 2007
      The year 2007 is the year of elections for Jordan, whereas the municipal and legislative elections for the 14th House of Representatives took place in that year. UJRC focused most of its attention and work on following these elections. On April 2007 formulated an alliance with civil society organisations in Jordan  to cover the electoral process, named "T
      he Jordanian Civil Alliance for Democratic Elections (JOCADE) ". It held several meetings, and assessment workshop on the parliamentary elections. the Center trained more than 500 young men and women from various Jordanian governorates on observation process for the elections. A conclusive report was issued on the proceedings of the electoral observation process that UJRC conducted in November 21, 2007. The following is recount of the meetings/ training held:

      • Preliminary Assessment Seminar on the 2007 Parliamentary Elections, at Century Park Hotel on November 29, 2007.

      • A total of 19 training workshops for the Observers on Parliamentary Elections, took place in Amman and different governorates in Jordan, from November 12 to 18, 2007.

        • Training workshop (1): “Train the Trainers on Parliamentary Elections Observation” at Sheraton Hotel on November 5, 2007.

        • Training workshop (2): held at the Professional Associations Complex, Irbid, November 12, 2007.

        • Training workshop (3): held at the Professional Associations Complex, Irbid,  November 13, 2007.

        • Training workshop (4): held at Salt Cultural Forum, Salt, November 13, 2007.

        • Training workshop (5): held at Voluntary Societies Union, Ajloun, November 14, 2007.

        • Training workshop (6): held at UJRC meetings hall, November 15, 2007.

        • Training workshop (7): held at UJRC meetings hall, November 15, 2007.

        • Training workshop (8): held at UJRC meetings hall, November 15, 2007.

        • Training workshop (9): held at Jordanian National Forum for Women, Mafraq, November 15, 2007.

        • Training workshop (10): held at Family Awareness and Guidance Center, Zarqa, November 16, 2007.

        • Training workshop (11): held at Voluntary Societies Union, Madaba, November 17, 2007.

        • Training workshop (12): held at South Society for Special Care, Ma'an, November 17, 2007.

        • Training workshop (13): held at Karak Cultural Forum, Karak, November 17, 2007.

        • Training workshop (14): held at Karak Fourm for Popular Activities, Karak, November 17, 2007.

        • Training workshop (15): held at Latin Patriarchate School, Karak, November 17, 2007.

        • Training workshop (16): held at Voluntary Societies Union, Madaba, November 18, 2007.

        • Training workshop (17): held at Salt Cultural Forum, Salt, November 18, 2007.

        • Training workshop (18): held at Family Awareness and Guidance Center, Zarqa, November 18, 2007.

        • Training workshop (19): held at the Professional Associations Complex, Irbid, November 12, 2007.
           

      • The Jordanian Civil Alliance for Democratic Elections (JOCADE), held (8) meetings:

      • 1st meeting at UJRC meetings hall, on June 11, 2007.

      • 2nd meeting at UJRC meetings hall, on June 30, 2007.

      • 3rd meeting at UJRC meetings hall, on July 7, 2007.

      • 4th meeting at UJRC meetings hall, on July 28, 2007.

      • 5th meeting at UJRC meetings hall, on August 18, 2007.

      • 6th meeting at UJRC meetings hall, on September 22, 2007.

      • 7th meeting at UJRC meetings hall, on October 17, 2007.

      • 8th meeting at UJRC meetings hall, on November 4, 2007.

    • Workshop: "Long Term Electoral Observation Issues", held at UJRC meetings hall, July 11, 2007.

    • Seminar: "Upcoming Municipal Elections in the Light of the New Electoral Law", held at Salt Cultural Forum, Salt, July 10, 2007.

    • Seminar: “The 2007 Municipal Elections: Towards a Broader Participation in the Upcoming Elections and Effective Municipal Councils.” The seminar was held in cooperation with the Zarqa Chamber of Commerce and General Union of Petrochemical Workers, at  Zarqa Chamber of Trade, Zarqa, April 18, 2007.

    • Seminar: Dr. Saad Eddin Ibrahim, the prominent Egyptian sociologist and Director of Ibn Khaldoun Center for Development Studies, gave a lecture on January 13, 2007 entitled "The Arab Elite and the Contemporary Cultural and Political Dilemma", at the Crowne Plaza Hotel in Amman. The seminar, which was hosted by the UJRC Forum, was attended by more than 120 participants.

 

  • Seminar: One of the two main activities organised by the program in 2006 was a seminar held in cooperation with DRI under the title “The Electoral Framework in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and Prospects for the 2007 Elections”. This one-day seminar was held at the Crowne Plaza hotel on December 5, 2006, and was preceded by a series of interviews with representatives of political parties, the government, the media as well as human rights and civil society organisations. The Program was followed by a joint study prepared by the DRI and Al Urdun Al Jadid Research Center, addressing the legislative framework of the parliamentary and municipal elections in Jordan. Seven speakers and contributors took part in this event, whereas the overall number of participants reached 86.
     

  • The Founding meeting of the “Arab World Elections Monitor” was hosted by UJRC, with the cooperation of the Civil Forum in Palestine, at Marmara Hotel, on June 21- 22, 2006. The meeting joined 20 organizations belonging to ten Arab countries
     

  • A series of workshops held covering the Palestinian legislative elections, Israeli elections and Egypt legislative & presidential elections. the first seminar entitled "the Palestinian legislative elections and its local and regional impacts", was about the Jordanian delegates remarks on the Palestinian elections. The seminar joined former prime minister Abdelsalem Majali, Bassam Hadadeen member of parliament, and media Jameel Mimri.
     

  • Two guests from Palestine spoke at the 2nd seminar titled "The Palestinian legislative elections: an analytical study of the democratic process and its outcomes", Dr. Taleb Awad, Lecturer at Birzeit University and Aref Jaffal, Civic Forum Director. the semianr took place at Marmara Hotel, February 20, 2006.
     

  • Seminar: "The upcoming Israeli elections and developments on the political parties’ scene in Israel", the seminar hosted Salem Jabran, Editor-in-Chief of Almustakbal magazine, issued in Al-Nasra, Palestine, Ghazi Saadi, Manager of Dar Al Jaleel for Publishing, and specialist in Israel affairs, and Hamadah Faraneh, former MP, Columnist, experts in Arab 1948 political and partisan issues. Seminar was held in Marmara Hotel, Amman, February 15, 2006.
     

  • Seminar: "The Egyptian political scene on the eve of the presidential and Parliamentary Elections", held at Crowne Plaza, Amman, March 1, 2008. Speakers were Dr. Mustafa Elfiqi, president of Foreign Affairs Committee at the Egyptian People's Assembly, and Dr. Mohamed Abu Hdeib, MP, Lower House of Parliament, Jordan. The seminar attracted the highest number of attendants.
     

    During the Year 2005
    A seminar entitled "Development Trends for the Palestinian Electoral Law", Dr. Taleb Awad, Elections expert and professor at Beirzeit, lectured the seminar at UJRC meetings hall, June 4, 2005.

     

  • During the Year 2004
    The Center held workshop entitled "The Palestinian National Campaign to change the Election Law", where two prominent speakers from Palestine Dr. Taleb Awad, professor at Beirzeit University and Aref Jaffal, Director of the Civic Forum, talked about electoral issues. The seminar was at Radisson SAS, Jordan, December 11, 2004.

     

  • During the Year 2003
    Four Workshops were held;

    The first was on "The Demographic Map of Jordan and its Role in the 2003 Elections", prepared its main paper the researcher Nasser Ahmad Kamel, with the participation of 15 figures of Jordanian political parties leaders and members, academics, researchers, and writers. This workshop took place at UJRC's Conference room on July 13, 2003.

    A second workshop was held under the title "Jordanian Political Parties and their Role in the 2003 Elections" and prepared its main paper, Mr. Hussein Abu Rumman; UJRC's Executive Director, with the participation of a number of Secretary Generals of Jordanian political parties and 10 researchers and academics. The workshop took place at UJRC's Conference Room on July 1, 2003.

    A third workshop entitled "A Preliminary Reading through Jordan's Parliamentary Elections of 2003" and prepared its main paper, Mr. Hussein Abu Rumman, with the participation of 26 participants among whom were male and female candidates to the 2003 elections, and representatives of Jordanian political parties, academics, and researchers. The workshop took place at UJRC's Conference Room on June 25, 2003.

    The fourth workshop was under the title "The Palestinian Political and Parliamentary Thought and its Role in Developing a Palestinian Electoral System" and presented its key paper, Dr. Taleb Awad; the expert in the Palestinian Electoral and Parliamentary System. The paper presented scenarios for developing the Palestinian electoral system and the devoted efforts since 1996 for recommending a new Electoral System. Fourteen participants took part in this event, representing politicians, researchers, and academics. It also took place at UJRC's Conference Room on June 22, 2003.

    (The previously-mentioned papers of the four workshops were publicized in the UJRC's "Civil Society Issues" magazine, issue no. 15, June – July 2003).

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  • During the Year 1998
    Two seminars were organized on the topic "An Assessment of Jordan's 1997 Elections", and a third one on "Women within the Jordanian and Palestinian Parliaments … Experiences across the River" with the participation of the former member of Jordanian Parliament Ms. Toujan Faisal, the Palestinian Parliament member Ms. Rawya Al Shawa, and Ms. Angela Grunert, a German writer who wrote a book on Female Palestinian Parliamentarians.


  • During the Year 1996
    Three workshops were held: the first was on "The Elections of the Palestinian Legislative Council: Jordanian Supervisors Perspective". The Second was entitled "The Arab Summit for Monitoring Elections in the Arab World". The third was under the title "Towards an Adequate Democratic Electoral Law", where three papers and four testimonies were presented.


  • During the Year 1995
    Two seminars were held by UJRC. The first was entitled: "Electoral Legislations ... The cornerstone of the Democratic System", within which three speeches and eight working papers were presented, and prepared by Eng. Sa'd Hayel Al Srour, Hani Hourani, Hobert Dobers, Dr. Mohammad Mahasneh, Dr. Fawzi Ta'emeh, Dr. Abdullah Al Akayleh, Eng. Abdul Hadi Al Majali, Issa Madanat, Buthaina Jerdaneh, Mazen Ersheidat, Prof. Nasmacher, and Hussein Abu Rumman. The second seminar was on: "Parliamentary Performance…Reality and Prospective" in which three speeches and nine working papers were presented. Participated in presenting them each of: Eng. Sa'd Hayel Al Srour, Hani Hourai, Hobert Dobers, Na'ela Al Rashdan, Prof. Welfgang Tseh, Abdul Karim Al Dughmi, Dr. Bassam Al Amoush, Dr. Jan Westenbroke, Dr. Turki Haddad, Dr. Abdul Razzaq Tbeishat, Dr. Nizam Barakat, Hassan Abdullah, Dr. Abdul Majid Al Azzam, Dr. Mustapha Shneikat, Dr. Ayman Mashagbeh, and Haitham Hijazi.


  • During the Year 1994
    The conference entitled "The Current Trends of the Electoral Systems" was held, in which four speeches and eleven working papers were presented, by each of: Hani Hourani, Thomas Milia, Taher Al Masri, Dr. Nizam Barakat, Prof. Birnard Auin, Farid Al Khazen, Charles Twain, Dr. Rateb Al Junaidi, Dr. Musa Al Kilani, Dr. Mohammad Al Ghazwi, Basel Bustami, Dr. Mohammad Mahasneh, Simon Osborn, Dr. Zaid Hamza, Dr. Nizam Assaf, Dr. Muhanna Haddad, Faisal Hourani, Dr. Idris Al Marakishi, Dr. Musa Shteiwi, Amira Bahi Eddin, Dr. Taleb Awad, Dr. Patrick Merlo, Husni Ayesh, Salim Al Zou'bi, Zuhair Abul Ragheb, Dr. Eidah Al Mutlag, Hussein Abu Rumman, and Hamadah Fara'neh.

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  • During the Year 1993
    Two Seminars were held on Jordan's Parliamentary Elections of 1993, one was conducted in Arabic and the other in English.



  • EPS Researches, Studies, and Opinion Polls.
    This focus consists of the following issues:
    - A Preliminary Study of the Results of Jordan's Parliamentary Elections of 1997; prepared in early 1998.
    - A comprehensive study on Jordan's Parliamentary Elections of 1997; prepared in early 1998 with the participation of 13 male and female researchers.
    - An Opinion Poll to conduct the Political Parties' Position of the Elections Law and the Trends of Change; conducted in 1995 and included 23 political parties.


  • EPS Experience Exchange and Training Workshops.
    This focus included conducting a two-weeks training workshop in 1995 on the Methods and Techniques of Elections Analysis, with the participation of the American Professor Danouski, and incorporated discussion sessions for academicians and researchers, in addition to lectures at the Jordanian Universities.
    Also within this focus, a two-week tour in Europe was organized in 1998, for a parliamentary-academic delegation from Jordan to each of the German and European Parliaments. The tour consisted of visiting Germany, Brussels, and Strasbourg, with the participation of nine Deputies, two of the Jordanian Parliament staff, five academics, and two researchers from Jordanian Universities and UJRC. The delegation had attended several meetings with a number of officials in each of the German and European Parliaments, and with economic and political institutions as well as media, the European Commission, the World Bank for Investment and Reconstruction, the European Economic and Social Commission, and with Parliamentary Blocks and the European Court for Human Rights.

  • External Activities and joint activities with other programs of UJRC.
    This focus is based on the joint activities of UJRC's programs activities, with the Electoral and Parliamentary Studies Program; in particular, the Civil Society and Democracy Development Program and the Women Studies Program. This is all in addition to the active external participation of UJRC team in specialized activities that are directly related to the Electoral and Parliamentary Studies Program. Here are the main activities and participations:

    1. Working Paper on "The Jordanian Experience of the Quota System", prepared by Hussein Abu Rumman and was presented at the conference of "Enhancing Political Participation of Women through Special Measures in the Arab Region", that was organized and hosted by the Sweden International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Support, which took place in Cairo, December 5-6, 2004, in cooperation with the UNDP, UNIFEM, and the National Council for Women in Egypt.

    2. Working Paper entitled "Jordan's Quota … For it and Against it", prepared by Hussein Abu Rumman and was presented at the meeting entitled "Enhancing the Political Participation of Women at the Local, National, and Regional Elected Councils". The meeting was hosted by the National Commission for Women Affairs in cooperation with the Electoral Support Department at the United Nations, and was held on May 22-23, 2005 in Amman.

    3. Working Paper on "Special Arrangements for Active Participation of Women in Political Development", prepared by Hussein Abu Rumman and presented at the third workshop on "Jordanian Women and Political Development … Addressing Fundamentals and Implementation Techniques", which was organized by the National Commission for Women Affairs at the Jordan University for Science and Technology on July 17, 2004. (Publicized in two parts at UJRC's "Civil Society Issues" magazine, issues no. 26; February 2005, and no. 27; March 2005).

    4. Working Paper on "The Relationship between the Legislative and Executive Authorities in Jordan", prepared by Hani Hourani and presented at the seminar on "Cooperation between the Government and the Parliament in the Arab World", which was organized by the Parliament Program of the Faculty of Political Sciences at Cairo University, and took place in Cairo on March 10-12, 2004.

    5. A Study entitled "The Jordanian Opposition and the Approaching Parliamentary Elections", prepared by Hani Hourani and was publicized on Al Jazeera website www.aljazeera.net, exclusive files 2003, dated June 14, 2003.

    6. A Study entitled "Adjustments of the 2001 Law … Benefits and Deficiencies", prepared by Hussein Abu Rumman and publicized on Al Jazeera website www.aljazeera.net, exclusive files 2003, dated June 14, 2003.

    7. Working Paper on "The Jordanian Political Parties and Women Representation in the Parliament", prepared by Hussein Abu Rumman and presented at the workshop on "Political Parties' Role in Enhancing Women Representation at the Parliament" that was organized by the National Assembly of Jordanian Women. The workshop took place in Amman on June 4, 2003.

    8. Working Paper on "The Requirements for Supporting Representation of Jordanian Women at the Parliament: A Media Perspective", prepared by Hussein Abu Rumman and presented at a specialized workshop for media officers working in Journals, Radio, and TV. The workshop was organized by the National Assembly for Jordanian Women on September 18, 2002.

    9. Working Paper on "The Role of Civil Society Organizations in Supporting Women Reaching the Parliament", prepared by Hussein Abu Rumman and presented at a workshop on "Youth and the Electoral Process", which was organized by the National Society for Enhancement of Freedom and Democracy (JUND), in Amman, on September 11-12, 2002.

    10. Working Paper on "Jordanian Women Representation in the Parliament: is it too late for requesting Quota for Women", prepared by Hani Hourani. Mr. Hussein Abu Rumman presented a commentary on "The Personal Experience of Emily Naffa' at the Jordanian Elections of 1997". The two papers were presented at the "National Forum for Supporting Women in the Parliamentary Elections" that was organized by the National Commission for Women's Affairs in Amman, April 9, 2002.

    11. Research on "The Electoral Law no. 34 for the year 2001: Human Rights Perspective" Prepared by Hani Hourani. (Was publicized at UJRC's "Civil Society Issues" magazine, issue no. 9, March-April 2002).

    12. Four Working Papers on "Women and Elections" prepared by Dr. Ruqayya Al Musaddaq, Dr. Margaret Al Helo, Dr. Salwa Jum'a, and Dr. Ra'oufa Hassan. Five Papers on "Experiences of Arab Parliamentarian Women" prepared by Rawya Al Shawa, Dr. Orass Naji, Louisa Hanoun, Dr. Laila Abdul Wahab, and Na'ela Al Rashdan. These were publicized in the book "Arab Women and Political Participation", 1999.

    13. Research on the "Women Quota System", in the book on "Women and Political Participation", 1999.

    14. Four Working Papers on the "Relationship between Majority and Opposition within the Jordanian Parliament", prepared by Dr. Abdullah Nsour, Dr. Mohammad Aweidah, Dr. Abdul Hafeth Al Shakhanbeh, Khalil Haddadin. Publicized in the book "Democracy and the Rule of Law", 1997.

    15. Working Paper on "Assessment of Parliamentary Performance during the years 1989-1994", prepared by Bassam Haddadin, commented upon by Husni Ayesh. Publicized in the book "The Democratic Process in Jordan… Where to?", 1996.

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  • EPS Program Publications (Books)

    1. Assessment of the Electoral Framework of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, collective work, 2007, 108 pages.

    2. Independent Civil Observation Guide on the Jordanian 2007 Parliamentary Elections, collective work, 2007, 32 pages.

    3. Who's Who in the Jordanian Parliament 2003-2007, Hani Hourani, Hussein Abu Rumman, and Nasser Ahmad Kamel. 2004, 262 pages, (Arabic).

    4. Who's Who in the Jordanian Parliament 2003-2007, Hani Hourani, Hussein Abu Rumman, and Nasser Ahmad Kamel. Translated into English by Muna Al Amir, Edited by Ica Wahbeh. 2004, 260 pages.

    5. Studies in Jordan's Parliamentary Elections of 1997, Collective Work. 2002, 372 pages.

    6. Who’s Who in the Jordanian Parliament 1997-2001, Hani Hourani and Ayman Yassin. 1998, 232 pages.

    7. Who’s Who in the Jordanian Parliament 1997-2001, Hani Hourani and Ayman Yassin. 1998, 228 pages. (English Version: Translated by Lola Keilani and Lana Habash, edited by Terri Lore).

    8. Parliamentary Performance… Reality and Prospective", Seminar Proceedings. 1996, 204 pages.

    9. Who’s Who in the Jordanian Parliament 1993-1997, Hani Hourani and Hamed Dabbas. 1998, 218 pages. (English Version: Translated by George Musleh, edited by Mark Power-Stevens).

    10. Who’s Who in the Jordanian Parliament 1993-1997, Hani Hourani and Hamed Dabbas. 1995, 218 pages.

    11. Contemporary Electoral Systems, Seminar Proceedings. Edited by Hussein Abu Rumman. 1995, 296 pages.

    12. Reading through Jordan's Parliamentary Elections of 1997, Hani Hourani. 2000, 66 pages.

    13. The Jordanian Legislative Elections 1997, Hani Hourani. 2000, 70 pages.

    14. Towards a More Adequate Electoral Law, Seminar Proceedings. Edited by Hussein Abu Rumman. 1998, 100 pages.

    15. Electoral Legislations ... the Cornerstone of the Democratic System, Seminar Proceedings. Edited by Hussein Abu Rumman. 1995, 90 pages.

    16. Parliamentary Elections in Jordan … Prologue, Results, and Outlook, Collective Work. 1994, 76 pages.

    17. Jordan's 1993 Elections … Facts and Figures, 1994, 76 pages.

    18. Jordan's 1989 Elections ... Facts and Figures, Collective Work. 1993, 60 pages.

    19. The Chart of the Jordanian Political Party Scene on the Evening of the 1993 Elections, Hani Hourani. 1993, 24 pages.


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